1790 Naturalization Law (non-whites)
Know-Nothings - 1850's (Irish)
When the Know-Nothings get control, it will read "all men are created equal, except Negroes and foreigners and Catholics." ~ Abraham Lincoln, 1855
Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion - 1880's (Irish and Italians)
America would be a grand land if only every Irishman would kill a Negro and be hanged for it. ~ William Freeman, 1881By the 1880's, the corruption and scandal within the Republican Party had diminished the party. In 1884, the Republican Party nominated for president the Tom Delay of their day, James G. Blaine was a notorious bride taker. (Oddly Democrat Grover Cleveland was the Bill Clinton of his day, having fathered a child out of wedlock.) Republicans were reduced to a three word platform, opposition to: Rum (appealing to the religious temperance movement), Rebellion (blaming Democrats for the Civil War), and Romanism (opposition to all things Catholic). Devoid of a positive platform, Republicans tried relied on patriotic xenophobia. Anti-Irish and anti-Catholic leagues sprung up in any good sized town.
Chinese Exclusion Act - 1882
United States Code: Title 8, Chapter 7 is still entitled "Exclusion of Chinese."
The California Alien Land Act - 1913 (Japanese)
National Origins Quotas - 1924 (Jews)
Popular music is a Jewish monopoly. Jazz is a Jewish creation. The mush, slush, the sly suggestion, the abandoned sensuousness of sliding notes, are of Jewish origin. ~ Henry Ford 1920Escaping pogroms in eastern Europe, two million Jews had entered the United States by 1924. This law restricted immigration mostly to western and northern Europe and was drawn up to limit Jewish, Polish, and Italian immigration. Asian immigration was totally outlawed. Interestingly, Mexican immigration was unrestricted because of the need for cheap labor in the Southwest.
Japanese Interment - World War II
A Jap's a Jap ~ General John L. DeWitt, commander of the internment program.The forced relocation of over 100,000 Japanese-Americans, two-thirds US citizens, into interment camps. Authorized by executive order. The round-up was facilitated by the FBI, which had planned for this, compiling a Custodial Detention index two years before the US entered the war.
Operation Wetback - 1954 (Mexicans)
California Proposition 187 - 1994 (Mexicans)
They keep coming! ~ from a Pete Wilson campaign commercial"They" were Mexicans. Pete Wilson, Republican Governor of California in the mid-1990's campaigned on an anti-immigrant platform to keep brown people out of the state. Republicans charged that Mexicans were trying to take over California and return it to Mexico. Proposition 187 said that no one could get public services, like primary school education or medical care, until they had proven they were in the country legally.
Prop 187 passed with 59 percent of the vote; Wilson won reelection with 55 percent. It also marks the last gasp of Republicans in the Golden State. By the time Wilson left off in 1999, Republicans in the state were a pathetic rump of a party made up mostly of paranoid, elderly, white xenophobes.
Arizona Anti-Immigrant Law - 2010
P.S. If some of this seems familiar, I plagiarized myself from 2006 for much of this.